The State is the duly constituted government of a politically organized people. Noah Webster’s Dictionary defines it thus: “A political body, or body politic; the whole body of people united under one government, whatever may be the form of the government.”
In the ancient and jungle times, it was instinctively accepted that survival depends on savage brutality and wealth depends on plunder. This prevalent instinctive brutal culture of raids for plunder rather than trades for profit, was the basis upon which heathen nations and peoples were constituted into States to be governed as communities, cities, countries and empires by Warlords and Despots. The Despots ruled their ancient States by brutality rather than charity, by prejudice rather than justice, by inequity rather than equity, by serfdom rather than freedom, by forceful defense and defiance rather than faithful divine devotion. The concept of survival by industry and cordiality seen today, evolved through civilization.
Moses and the Prophets of Israel from 15th century BC, proffered God’s Law and the Word of divine wisdom to guide Judges and Princes for divinely conscientized equity and charity as the culture of the State, but this was limited to Israel ruled under the Torah.
Later, Athenian Greek Statesmen and legislators from 6th century BC, proffered the concept of democratic consensus by all Citizens under the rule of Law instead of domination by Despots. They also proffered economic principles for freedom of all Citizens and for self-reliant industry instead of feudalistic slave-bondage, but democracy was suppressed by Macedonian Greek Despots in 4th century BC.
Christ and His Apostles in the 1st century AD had insisted that nations are appointed by God (Act 17:26) while the State (whether as republic or as monarchy) is divine institution, and that the authority of State officers is divinely ordained to maintain *law and order* to ensure *justice and equity* for *peace and liberty* in the civil society; they therefore deserve being subject to and being supported in good conscience as Christ demonstrated even under persecution (John 19:10-11; Rom 13:1-7; 1Tim 2:1-4; 1Pet 2:13-17; Eccl 8:2-6). As Christianity spread in the Greco-Roman world, Christian conscience and compassion permeated Western culture to beat down pagan depravity and brutality.
Eventually from the 12th century AD, Christian Statesmen and Theologians seeking to improve on the prevalent diplomatic humane culture of trades for profit rather than raids for plunder, began to bring up the concept that under God, fundamental rights of *liberty and security* with moral duties of *equity and charity* should be the primary constitutional basis for the State and civil society.
Following the two World Wars in the 20th century, this godly concept of constitutional freedom gained wide acclamation and influence, but is again being gradually subverted by Communist Statism and eroded by Elitist Globalism. This seems to be tending toward future atheist, amoral and global reign of the despotic depraved Antichrist and his unjust manipulative elite.